Welcome to a multipart series on the future of personal transport.
Cars are like cool girlfriends. Go out, live fast, have fun. But something tells me we don’t have a future together. It’s not you… It’s me…
Here are some of the problems with cars:
The United States wastes over $1.5 billion per day due to inefficiencies in the current highway transportation architecture. This waste includes:
• $189 billion per year premium in energy costs due to the 98.5 percent transportation dependence on a single primary fuel (oil);
• $230 billion per year due to deaths, injuries, and property damage caused by safety issues;
• $64 billion per year due to congestion causing excess fuel consumption and lost productivity;
• $17 billion per year due to air emissions;
• $33 billion per year in international energy security expenditures; &
• $75 billion per year in lost productivity and foregone supply chain improvements that could be enabled by faster, more reliable mobility of people and goods.
Like the young man who keeps getting dumped, the body politic is slow to learn. But dealing with these unintended consequences is what defines civilisation.
Of the effects above, I believe traffic delays are most likely to spark change in personal transport. The history of transport, from the laying of Roman Roads, via the invention of the p-far, to the proliferation of freeways has been a race to improve travel speeds (or maintain them in the face of traffic snarls).
Some proposed solutions to speed up traffic are grand engineering marvels! But a new technology needs space to start off. Cars got their start on streets, mingling with bikes, horses and foot traffic. They didn’t need special infrastructure to get started, only once they hit plague proportions.
Compare this to the internet. It started off as small Defence department system, then became a global necessity without a fight. How?
It wasn’t that there weren’t competitors for its services (ask a TV channel, record company or newspaper). It was that nobody was using ‘cyberspace’ before the internet came along. It could expand without treading on any toes. Just like radio, TV, and cell phones (barring some spectrum issues).
And while there were network effects , the major cost of the internet was in the portals, not the connections. i.e. computers cost more than optical fibre. So the bulk of the cost of building the network fell on the consumer.
What’s the implication for the future car? A successful replacement car will probably not need a heap of dedicated infrastructure.
New technology can’t just be a good idea. It also needs a growth path – an unobstructed route to fruition. A new transport technology will require space on the roads during its nascent phase. And as anyone who’s been in a traffic jam knows, road space is at a premium.
The need for experimentation space is addressed by uber-urban-blogger Ryan Avent here. If his call for special experimental-car-lanes seems pie in the sky, then you can see why any new technology will have to fit in, or be able to create its own space.
A future car also needs to manage its financial risks. Many solutions, like plug-in cars, rely on network effects, and will deliver great benefits if everyone uses them. But a big system may be too expensive for any private company, and too risky for any government. So a future car that catches on is likely to be one that delivers benefits to its owner in that slow growth phase, and even if the majority of the population doesn’t take it up.
In coming days, this series will consider a few future prospects for personal travel. It will try to be hard-headed about the prospects of each.
Will the car go the way of the horse? Can we imagine a world where a car is a luxurious excess? Where an enthusiast has to operate it only on select rural roads and pay for special stabling ? Where kids put posters of cars all over their walls and their parents breathe a sigh of relief when they grow up, get real and get over it?!
Please share your views below…