I spent six years of my life attending an independent private school – Melbourne Grammar School. It was expensive. I remember fees being around $10,000 a year.
Was it worth it?
It cites research that shows “after controlling for tertiary entrance score, university students from government schools outperformed students from private schools.”
Which is interesting. There is certainly an argument that private school kids are “spoon-fed” and can’t handle university thereafter. (I also seem to remember research that students who scored less than the cut-off but got into their course tended to do better in first year, so there could be confounding effort effects.)
The new research looks further along the lives of these students and finds “former independent school students were no more likely to be employed full-time than those who attended a government school after controlling for the effects of level of education, sex and age.”
The study also finds that graduates of independent schools are not likely to have higher earnings, nor more “prestigious” employment, after controlling for education.
In a comment thread on the topic, a user called Gabrielle calls out the methodological elephant in the room.
“Yep, ‘controlling’ variables everywhere! E.g. controlling for whether or not people attend a Go8 university when they look at occupational prestige, or controlling for field of study when looking at earnings…what the?! I mean sure, that’s interesting, but it totally bypasses questions about whether your schooling or university help you get into high status or high earning careers.”
If a private school helps you get into university (independent school students had an 80 per cent higher chance of graduating from a G8 university, according to the research), and university helps you get a job, then controlling for university when trying to measure the effect of private school is distracting. Silly even.
It takes just a glance at year 12 results to see that private schools dominate the top scores. I think we can conclude that going to a private school has a real payoff.
But what form does it take?
I’m still close friends with some people I went to school with. But I have other friends who went to other schools, public and private.
As far as networking goes, I’m not aware of any benefit I’ve got from “the old school tie” and quite acutely aware of the benefits that have come from people I’ve met in my professional life. Could seeing my school on my CV have helped me in job applications? It’s not impossible.
I’ve never worked at Goldman Sachs or a law firm, so maybe it’s different there, but I’ve rarely been aware of the schools my colleagues have gone to. When I have known, they’ve mostly been graduates of government schools. I don’t think my employers have been deeply biased to private schools.
So what was the benefit of my private school education?
You can never know the counter-factual but I think I fit the data perfectly – I suspect got a better year 12 result at the school I went to than at another school chosen at random.
Did the teachers “spoon-feed” me? I don’t know. They taught me, definitely. They were (mostly) highly qualified, diligent and happy to answer questions.
I also worked my arse off in year 12, despite having been rather disinterested in years 9, 10 and 11. By working hard I think I maximised my potential. I got into a good uni course that eventually helped me get a good job.
I wanted to beat the other kids by having a better score, and I knew they wanted to beat me. Even then, I was aware that the level of competition was peculiar.
Would that competitive aspect have been there at another school? It could have been. It might have been stronger at a selective entry school. But the skew of high scores at my school suggests it was acutely competitive.
So I’m not here to say, “I worked hard so I deserve everything I get!”
I’m trying to refute the crazy notion that private schooling is not advantageous, and answer the question of where and how that advantage accrues.
I know the world is unfairly skewed toward people who have the privileges I have. I’d like to see the opportunities of really motivating and rewarding educational environments shared really widely. Denying that private schools have benefits seems unhelpful in pursuing that goal.